Gems, despite the harshness of some of them, are delicate, fragile and very sensitive to ill-treatment. It is a common mistake to confuse hardness with toughness. Gems, although hard, sometimes are quite fragile, naturally some more than others and also differently.

For example, diamond can break a thud in the directions of exfoliation, turquoise can change color, etc.
There are some general rules for all kinds of precious stones, such as never to leave “riots” in a jeweler different pieces even for a night or for a moment, for with their varying degrees of purity, the hem of diamonds a earrings can scratch the central sapphire ring that matches.

Each piece should have its case that fulfills its mission to protect it from scratches, avoid dust, protect it from blows falls, etc.

Apart from the procedures described, there are a number of basic care that are common to all gems. A general enemy of all is fire. Not only flame welder workshops, but simply the flame of a gas cooker are dangerous for certain stones such as; amethyst, amber, pearls, or some turquoise.

Care must be taken with the beauty creams and hair dyes. What’s more, it would be advisable not wear jewelry to the hairdresser, because acids, dyes, lacquers, sudden heat dryers are not good friends of stones, even of noble metals.

On the other hand, very peelable stones may break by ultrasonic cleaning. Given the high affinity for fat diamonds, you should use cotton gloves for handling jewelry.

Tourmalines heat attract dust particles (Pyroelectricity), as we have jewelry with tourmaline must be extremely clean them so they do not see with one aspect “mate”.

Listed below are the care and cleaning methods most frequently used gems:


It is the hardest gem, but also can break its edges or just broken without careful treatment.
Although it is very hard, it can be scratched with another diamond, so you never have to keep your jewelry with diamonds together, allowing them to rub against each other.

For the same reason, if we want to find out if an unknown stone is a diamond, you should never try to scratch another diamond, as both stones can be seriously damaged.

Based on the special attraction of the diamond fat should occasionally clean the diamond jewelry, especially rings that are the largest soiling with use. Cleaning by professionals is definitely the safest and complete, but there are simple methods such as washing with warm water, rubbing them with a soft brush and any mild detergent. They rinsed thoroughly with warm water and get into sawdust boxwood; when dry brushing with a soft brush and cloth.

These procedures have to be careful, especially if it comes with small stones jewelry, casting liquids before throwing to avoid unpleasant surprises as the loss of a fallen stone.

Care must be taken with specific liquids for cleaning jewelry sold commercially as the reaction of expansion is different gems in the metal and if the claws are too tight can cause pressure to break or fisure the diamonds.


The emerald is a variety gemological beryl and is one of the most appreciated and valuable gems. Emerald is one of the most delicate, fragile gems, can not stand the heat, and therefore must be very careful with it.

In jewelry must be taken into account when “adjust” the measure of a ring with an emerald, that any manipulation is done with the jewel can endanger stone, a claw may be plugging a gap that can break if desengastar or crimp the stone.

Fissures “gardens” in a very high percentage of emeralds are filled with an oil that make them invisible, but the heat, soaps, etc, dissolve these oils or dried and existing cracks from the mine again become visible. In this case peden perform fissure with oil again.

Usually emeralds should be cleaned after being used using a clean, damp cloth.

This will ensure that they are always clean and do not require maintenance. Later, once every two years, should bring your jeweler and make a professional maintenance.

Do not expose this type of gemstones or pearls to salt water or harsh chemicals like chlorine or detergents.

These chemicals can damage these gems. Similarly try to keep them away from hair spray, perfume and other abrasive products.

The Hairspray, perfume and sweat can damage the jewelry with precious stones.

The recommendation would put the jewels once we have applied products such as the above. Be sure to clean the stones after use to remove chemicals, oils or perspiration.

Almost all colored stone jewelry should be cleaned using a mild soap, water and a brush of light strands.

Rinse well and dry your jewelry after cleaning before storage.

Do not try to clean emeralds in an ultrasonic cleaner.

Emeralds not support high temperatures, so that not put in boiling water to cleaning. Even the hot tap water can damage.


Pearls are very delicate and sensitive to external agents ao, we have to dedicate special care for perfect maintenance.

We must return to string necklaces once a year if they are widely used or every two years at most.
Pearls is the last thing that should be made when dressing as perfumes, makeup, etc, attack them.

Pearls should be stored extended in a case with a natural liner, avoid the lycras, plastics, etc.

Before saving them and then take them off, you should pass them a damp cloth to withdraw the remains of perfume or makeup (even sweat may affect them).

It´s very fashionable store the pearls in a bag of skin, you have to be very careful with this possible action of the bleaches used for tanning leather and if they are dyed, for possible action by the dyes.
The heat dries putting rough last layers of culture so they lose brightness and “turns brown”, so we should never store them near a heat source.

To clean them, you are passed a cloth dampened with a mild detergent solution and taking care not to wet the thread.


Heat is their worst enemy. Keep in mind that it is also porous with which can be stained with perfumes and oils from normal use.

Always clean with cold and no hot water and make sure it is completely dry before storing .


The sapphire is a gemological variety of corundum and owes its color to iron and titanium and, to a lesser extent in some varieties to certain amounts of chromium.

  • Use a cleaning cloth soft jewelry or similar soft cloth.
  • Fill a small bowl with warm water and mild detergent.
  • Dip the cloth in water to moisten. Clean along sapphires to clean.
  • If sapphires need a more thorough cleaning, soak in a bowl of warm, soapy water for up to 20 minutes.
  • Rub gently with a soft toothbrush or make up brush to remove any residue.
  • It is completely dry before storing.

When it is commonly spoken of Sapphire, it almost always refers to the variety of Blue. But instead should always clarify its color in the name, since there are various shades of sapphires which are usually called “Fancy” or offering them in the name of the color to which they belong. Remains of chromium, iron and titanium are at the base of shades of blue, green, orange, violet and yellow sapphires.
To clean regularly, help sapphires to maintain its shine.

As sapphires can scratch other gems and jewelry because of its hardness, always store them in a bag. Do not expose sapphires to prolonged heat or strong light. This may bleach them. Sapphires can be exposed both normal cleaning and steam and ultrasound.


Ruby is a gemological variety of corundum, corundum copies of gemological value are rare, especially ruby, it requires training for the presence of chromium, rare element.

To clean it, we will use a solution of warm water and a mild liquid detergent (dishwashing) in a ratio of three parts water to one part liquid detergent.

This soap solution is placed in a deep bowl or clear glass ceramic that can comfortably accommodate parts, covering them entirely.

Parts immersed in the solution should be let stand for a couple of hours for the solution to penetrate into the slots and loosen the particles that have accumulated.

Additionally, to help cleaning you can use a very soft bristle brush or a makeup brush, but this is only recommended in jewelry items whose crimps are firm.

Once the piece has been cleaned, it must be dried with a soft cloth and great care to prevent moisture from being trapped in some small part of the jewel.

Diamonds, rubies and sapphires require different care. Despite being very resistant gemstones, easily they lose their shine as dust and grease easily stick on them.

Oils naturally released by the skin, are deposited on these stones. To prevent this, you should clean your jewelry at least once a week, or whenever you will use to look flawless. You can use a toothbrush soaked in cleaning liquid ammonium-based soft touches.

Jewelry of silver and/or gold that have crimped other stones:

In this case, you should clean the surface of jewelry with a cloth soaked in a mixture of mild soap and warm water (stain removers and detergents are not recommended.)

You should rinse your jewelry using warm water, but without immersing, using another cloth, which should be smooth.

Some stones need special treatment because they can react to contact with hot or warm water.

Lapis lazuli should be cleaned with a mixture of cold water and mild soap. Emeralds opals, turquoise and should also be cleaned with cold water.

Jade stones should be cleaned with a damp cloth.

Before storing any of these jewels should make sure they are completely dry.

Jewelry made in Silver

For pieces of silver jewelry ( silver only ) can be used a solution of a few tablespoons of lemon juice with a tablespoon of salt , stirring well.

It should incorporate the piece , moving it into the solution, and you can see the change quickly. Remember to rinse and dry the piece very well.

Tarnish on silver jewelry is a product of oxidation, caused by the interaction of silver jewelry with certain elements such as oxygen or sulfur as well as certain acids.

Storage for a long time causes the tarnish silver jewelry. The contact can also cause tarnishing rubber ( rubber sulfide is a catalyst for tarnishing ).

Take medication that changes the ph of your skin can cause silver jewelry loses its brilliance.

How to prevent tarnishing of silver garments ?

Here are some useful tips:

  • Store your silver in a cool dry place, which is preferably sealed to prevent oxidation.
  • Do not expose the garment to corrosive agents such as chlorine, fat, sweat, perfume, alkali agents, or salinity for long periods of time.
  • Avoid direct exposure to artificial light or sunlight for long periods of time.
  • Do not store directly on wood, this often contains acids that can affect the surface of silver.
  • Here are some useful tips: Store your silver in a cool dry place, which is preferably sealed to prevent oxidation.
  • Do not expose the garment to corrosive agents such as chlorine, fat, sweat, perfume, alkali agents, or salinity for long periods of time.
  • Avoid direct exposure to artificial light or sunlight for long periods of time. Do not store directly on wood, this often contains acids that can affect the surface of silver.
  • Do not stack jewelry in a drawer. Some pieces may scratch other. Best individually wrap each piece in a cloth and keep them separate.
  • Store each item individually, in its own bag or in a separate compartment in your jewelry box.
  • Clean jewelry relatively frequently to maintain its shine and beauty. Do not use toothpaste as it is abrasive.
  • All jewelry can be cleaned safely if immersed for ten minutes in warm soapy water (do not use a detergent soap).
  • It can be cut with a soft brush to remove dirt. Finally, dry the garment very well, absorbent cloth with a warm dryer.

Other cares:

Remember that organic origin gems or porous gems (opal, pearl, turquoise, coral, pearl, emerald, ivory) are porous and though to its fragile composition need to be treated with more “mime” to be carried on. All are likely to be damaged either by chemicals such as cosmetics, either by blows or simple dirt.

If any of your jewelry crimped leads some of these stones, please remove them if you are performing some task that involves a situation mentioned above.

It is recommended that jewels are the last thing set,specially when you are wearing cosmetics. Perfums, lacquers and makeup (even moisturizer) finish with the brightness of these stones, in the case of pearls irreversibly.

If a thermometer has broken, stay away from him, because the mercury, apart from being extremely harmful to their health, will strongly adhere to your jewelry.

Only a jeweler by buffing or polishing could remove this mercury. If your jewel, is a high karat (18) will not suffer the least damage.

The so-called “white gold” is not so, it really is gray. Jewelers use a final layer of rhodium improve color pear.